Draft conclusions of Berlin conference call for ending support to Libya’s warring parties

The draft conclusions of the upcoming Berlin conference on Libya underline the important role of neighbouring countries in the Libyan stabilisation process and call for the termination of all military movements in support of the parties involved in the conflict, Russian news agency TASS reported on Friday. 

A copy of the draft document, which was made available to TASS, emphasise the need to form a unified government in the country that has been torn apart by violence and division since long-time ruler Muammar Gaddafi was deposed and killed in 2011.

The conference in Berlin on Sunday aims to end the conflict between the U.N.-recognised government in Tripoli and the forces of Khalifa Haftar, the head of the eastern-based self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). 

"We [the participants] support the Libyan Political Agreement as viable framework for the political solution in Libya," the document reads. "We also call for the establishment of a functioning Presidency Council and the formation of a single, unified, inclusive and effective Libyan government approved by the House of Representatives," it says. 

"We commit to using all bilateral contacts to urge all Libyan parties to enter into the ceasefire and engage in the intra-Libyan political process under UNSMIL (the United Nations Support Mission in Libya) auspices,” the document says.

The draft document calls for “the termination of all military movements by, or in direct support of, the conflict parties, in and over the entire territory of Libya, starting from the beginning of the ceasefire process.”

Turkey backs the Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli, while Haftar has the support of Egypt, United Arab Emirates and most recently Russian mercenaries. 

The Turkish parliament granted authorisation to the government this month for sending military forces to Tripoli to help the GNA fend off the assault of Haftar’s forces.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said this week that Ankara had begun deployment of troops to Libya. 

The draft conclusions of the upcoming Berlin conference on Libya also call for sanctions on those who breach the United Nations Security Council arms embargo imposed in 2011. 

"We [participants in the conference] commit to unequivocally and fully respect the arms embargo established by the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970 (2011) and the Council’s subsequent Resolutions, including the proliferation of arms from Libya, and call on all international actors to do the same," the document reads.

According to the draft document, a special follow-up committee will be set up under the United Nations aegis to implement the results of the Berlin conference on Libya.

Erdoğan will attend the conference in Berlin Sunday. Turkish presidency said in a statement on Saturday that Ankara had supported peace efforts in Libya from the very beginning and had actively contributed to the Berlin process in a constructive manner. 

“It is envisaged that the views will be exchanged with regard to the steps required to be taken in order to establish peace and stability in Libya in the coming period and that the concrete steps will be taken towards this end at the summit,” the statement reads.